64bit IEEE 754: Decimal ↗ Double Precision Floating Point Binary: 1.570 796 326 794 896 619 231 321 691 639 751 442 098 584 699 687 552 910 487 472 296 153 908 203 143 104 499 314 017 412 671 058 533 991 074 043 256 641 153 323 546 5 Convert the Number to 64 Bit Double Precision IEEE 754 Binary Floating Point Representation Standard, From a Base Ten Decimal System Number

Number 1.570 796 326 794 896 619 231 321 691 639 751 442 098 584 699 687 552 910 487 472 296 153 908 203 143 104 499 314 017 412 671 058 533 991 074 043 256 641 153 323 546 5(10) converted and written in 64 bit double precision IEEE 754 binary floating point representation (1 bit for sign, 11 bits for exponent, 52 bits for mantissa)

1. First, convert to binary (in base 2) the integer part: 1.
Divide the number repeatedly by 2.

Keep track of each remainder.

We stop when we get a quotient that is equal to zero.


  • division = quotient + remainder;
  • 1 ÷ 2 = 0 + 1;

2. Construct the base 2 representation of the integer part of the number.

Take all the remainders starting from the bottom of the list constructed above.


1(10) =


1(2)


3. Convert to binary (base 2) the fractional part: 0.570 796 326 794 896 619 231 321 691 639 751 442 098 584 699 687 552 910 487 472 296 153 908 203 143 104 499 314 017 412 671 058 533 991 074 043 256 641 153 323 546 5.

Multiply it repeatedly by 2.


Keep track of each integer part of the results.


Stop when we get a fractional part that is equal to zero.


  • #) multiplying = integer + fractional part;
  • 1) 0.570 796 326 794 896 619 231 321 691 639 751 442 098 584 699 687 552 910 487 472 296 153 908 203 143 104 499 314 017 412 671 058 533 991 074 043 256 641 153 323 546 5 × 2 = 1 + 0.141 592 653 589 793 238 462 643 383 279 502 884 197 169 399 375 105 820 974 944 592 307 816 406 286 208 998 628 034 825 342 117 067 982 148 086 513 282 306 647 093;
  • 2) 0.141 592 653 589 793 238 462 643 383 279 502 884 197 169 399 375 105 820 974 944 592 307 816 406 286 208 998 628 034 825 342 117 067 982 148 086 513 282 306 647 093 × 2 = 0 + 0.283 185 307 179 586 476 925 286 766 559 005 768 394 338 798 750 211 641 949 889 184 615 632 812 572 417 997 256 069 650 684 234 135 964 296 173 026 564 613 294 186;
  • 3) 0.283 185 307 179 586 476 925 286 766 559 005 768 394 338 798 750 211 641 949 889 184 615 632 812 572 417 997 256 069 650 684 234 135 964 296 173 026 564 613 294 186 × 2 = 0 + 0.566 370 614 359 172 953 850 573 533 118 011 536 788 677 597 500 423 283 899 778 369 231 265 625 144 835 994 512 139 301 368 468 271 928 592 346 053 129 226 588 372;
  • 4) 0.566 370 614 359 172 953 850 573 533 118 011 536 788 677 597 500 423 283 899 778 369 231 265 625 144 835 994 512 139 301 368 468 271 928 592 346 053 129 226 588 372 × 2 = 1 + 0.132 741 228 718 345 907 701 147 066 236 023 073 577 355 195 000 846 567 799 556 738 462 531 250 289 671 989 024 278 602 736 936 543 857 184 692 106 258 453 176 744;
  • 5) 0.132 741 228 718 345 907 701 147 066 236 023 073 577 355 195 000 846 567 799 556 738 462 531 250 289 671 989 024 278 602 736 936 543 857 184 692 106 258 453 176 744 × 2 = 0 + 0.265 482 457 436 691 815 402 294 132 472 046 147 154 710 390 001 693 135 599 113 476 925 062 500 579 343 978 048 557 205 473 873 087 714 369 384 212 516 906 353 488;
  • 6) 0.265 482 457 436 691 815 402 294 132 472 046 147 154 710 390 001 693 135 599 113 476 925 062 500 579 343 978 048 557 205 473 873 087 714 369 384 212 516 906 353 488 × 2 = 0 + 0.530 964 914 873 383 630 804 588 264 944 092 294 309 420 780 003 386 271 198 226 953 850 125 001 158 687 956 097 114 410 947 746 175 428 738 768 425 033 812 706 976;
  • 7) 0.530 964 914 873 383 630 804 588 264 944 092 294 309 420 780 003 386 271 198 226 953 850 125 001 158 687 956 097 114 410 947 746 175 428 738 768 425 033 812 706 976 × 2 = 1 + 0.061 929 829 746 767 261 609 176 529 888 184 588 618 841 560 006 772 542 396 453 907 700 250 002 317 375 912 194 228 821 895 492 350 857 477 536 850 067 625 413 952;
  • 8) 0.061 929 829 746 767 261 609 176 529 888 184 588 618 841 560 006 772 542 396 453 907 700 250 002 317 375 912 194 228 821 895 492 350 857 477 536 850 067 625 413 952 × 2 = 0 + 0.123 859 659 493 534 523 218 353 059 776 369 177 237 683 120 013 545 084 792 907 815 400 500 004 634 751 824 388 457 643 790 984 701 714 955 073 700 135 250 827 904;
  • 9) 0.123 859 659 493 534 523 218 353 059 776 369 177 237 683 120 013 545 084 792 907 815 400 500 004 634 751 824 388 457 643 790 984 701 714 955 073 700 135 250 827 904 × 2 = 0 + 0.247 719 318 987 069 046 436 706 119 552 738 354 475 366 240 027 090 169 585 815 630 801 000 009 269 503 648 776 915 287 581 969 403 429 910 147 400 270 501 655 808;
  • 10) 0.247 719 318 987 069 046 436 706 119 552 738 354 475 366 240 027 090 169 585 815 630 801 000 009 269 503 648 776 915 287 581 969 403 429 910 147 400 270 501 655 808 × 2 = 0 + 0.495 438 637 974 138 092 873 412 239 105 476 708 950 732 480 054 180 339 171 631 261 602 000 018 539 007 297 553 830 575 163 938 806 859 820 294 800 541 003 311 616;
  • 11) 0.495 438 637 974 138 092 873 412 239 105 476 708 950 732 480 054 180 339 171 631 261 602 000 018 539 007 297 553 830 575 163 938 806 859 820 294 800 541 003 311 616 × 2 = 0 + 0.990 877 275 948 276 185 746 824 478 210 953 417 901 464 960 108 360 678 343 262 523 204 000 037 078 014 595 107 661 150 327 877 613 719 640 589 601 082 006 623 232;
  • 12) 0.990 877 275 948 276 185 746 824 478 210 953 417 901 464 960 108 360 678 343 262 523 204 000 037 078 014 595 107 661 150 327 877 613 719 640 589 601 082 006 623 232 × 2 = 1 + 0.981 754 551 896 552 371 493 648 956 421 906 835 802 929 920 216 721 356 686 525 046 408 000 074 156 029 190 215 322 300 655 755 227 439 281 179 202 164 013 246 464;
  • 13) 0.981 754 551 896 552 371 493 648 956 421 906 835 802 929 920 216 721 356 686 525 046 408 000 074 156 029 190 215 322 300 655 755 227 439 281 179 202 164 013 246 464 × 2 = 1 + 0.963 509 103 793 104 742 987 297 912 843 813 671 605 859 840 433 442 713 373 050 092 816 000 148 312 058 380 430 644 601 311 510 454 878 562 358 404 328 026 492 928;
  • 14) 0.963 509 103 793 104 742 987 297 912 843 813 671 605 859 840 433 442 713 373 050 092 816 000 148 312 058 380 430 644 601 311 510 454 878 562 358 404 328 026 492 928 × 2 = 1 + 0.927 018 207 586 209 485 974 595 825 687 627 343 211 719 680 866 885 426 746 100 185 632 000 296 624 116 760 861 289 202 623 020 909 757 124 716 808 656 052 985 856;
  • 15) 0.927 018 207 586 209 485 974 595 825 687 627 343 211 719 680 866 885 426 746 100 185 632 000 296 624 116 760 861 289 202 623 020 909 757 124 716 808 656 052 985 856 × 2 = 1 + 0.854 036 415 172 418 971 949 191 651 375 254 686 423 439 361 733 770 853 492 200 371 264 000 593 248 233 521 722 578 405 246 041 819 514 249 433 617 312 105 971 712;
  • 16) 0.854 036 415 172 418 971 949 191 651 375 254 686 423 439 361 733 770 853 492 200 371 264 000 593 248 233 521 722 578 405 246 041 819 514 249 433 617 312 105 971 712 × 2 = 1 + 0.708 072 830 344 837 943 898 383 302 750 509 372 846 878 723 467 541 706 984 400 742 528 001 186 496 467 043 445 156 810 492 083 639 028 498 867 234 624 211 943 424;
  • 17) 0.708 072 830 344 837 943 898 383 302 750 509 372 846 878 723 467 541 706 984 400 742 528 001 186 496 467 043 445 156 810 492 083 639 028 498 867 234 624 211 943 424 × 2 = 1 + 0.416 145 660 689 675 887 796 766 605 501 018 745 693 757 446 935 083 413 968 801 485 056 002 372 992 934 086 890 313 620 984 167 278 056 997 734 469 248 423 886 848;
  • 18) 0.416 145 660 689 675 887 796 766 605 501 018 745 693 757 446 935 083 413 968 801 485 056 002 372 992 934 086 890 313 620 984 167 278 056 997 734 469 248 423 886 848 × 2 = 0 + 0.832 291 321 379 351 775 593 533 211 002 037 491 387 514 893 870 166 827 937 602 970 112 004 745 985 868 173 780 627 241 968 334 556 113 995 468 938 496 847 773 696;
  • 19) 0.832 291 321 379 351 775 593 533 211 002 037 491 387 514 893 870 166 827 937 602 970 112 004 745 985 868 173 780 627 241 968 334 556 113 995 468 938 496 847 773 696 × 2 = 1 + 0.664 582 642 758 703 551 187 066 422 004 074 982 775 029 787 740 333 655 875 205 940 224 009 491 971 736 347 561 254 483 936 669 112 227 990 937 876 993 695 547 392;
  • 20) 0.664 582 642 758 703 551 187 066 422 004 074 982 775 029 787 740 333 655 875 205 940 224 009 491 971 736 347 561 254 483 936 669 112 227 990 937 876 993 695 547 392 × 2 = 1 + 0.329 165 285 517 407 102 374 132 844 008 149 965 550 059 575 480 667 311 750 411 880 448 018 983 943 472 695 122 508 967 873 338 224 455 981 875 753 987 391 094 784;
  • 21) 0.329 165 285 517 407 102 374 132 844 008 149 965 550 059 575 480 667 311 750 411 880 448 018 983 943 472 695 122 508 967 873 338 224 455 981 875 753 987 391 094 784 × 2 = 0 + 0.658 330 571 034 814 204 748 265 688 016 299 931 100 119 150 961 334 623 500 823 760 896 037 967 886 945 390 245 017 935 746 676 448 911 963 751 507 974 782 189 568;
  • 22) 0.658 330 571 034 814 204 748 265 688 016 299 931 100 119 150 961 334 623 500 823 760 896 037 967 886 945 390 245 017 935 746 676 448 911 963 751 507 974 782 189 568 × 2 = 1 + 0.316 661 142 069 628 409 496 531 376 032 599 862 200 238 301 922 669 247 001 647 521 792 075 935 773 890 780 490 035 871 493 352 897 823 927 503 015 949 564 379 136;
  • 23) 0.316 661 142 069 628 409 496 531 376 032 599 862 200 238 301 922 669 247 001 647 521 792 075 935 773 890 780 490 035 871 493 352 897 823 927 503 015 949 564 379 136 × 2 = 0 + 0.633 322 284 139 256 818 993 062 752 065 199 724 400 476 603 845 338 494 003 295 043 584 151 871 547 781 560 980 071 742 986 705 795 647 855 006 031 899 128 758 272;
  • 24) 0.633 322 284 139 256 818 993 062 752 065 199 724 400 476 603 845 338 494 003 295 043 584 151 871 547 781 560 980 071 742 986 705 795 647 855 006 031 899 128 758 272 × 2 = 1 + 0.266 644 568 278 513 637 986 125 504 130 399 448 800 953 207 690 676 988 006 590 087 168 303 743 095 563 121 960 143 485 973 411 591 295 710 012 063 798 257 516 544;
  • 25) 0.266 644 568 278 513 637 986 125 504 130 399 448 800 953 207 690 676 988 006 590 087 168 303 743 095 563 121 960 143 485 973 411 591 295 710 012 063 798 257 516 544 × 2 = 0 + 0.533 289 136 557 027 275 972 251 008 260 798 897 601 906 415 381 353 976 013 180 174 336 607 486 191 126 243 920 286 971 946 823 182 591 420 024 127 596 515 033 088;
  • 26) 0.533 289 136 557 027 275 972 251 008 260 798 897 601 906 415 381 353 976 013 180 174 336 607 486 191 126 243 920 286 971 946 823 182 591 420 024 127 596 515 033 088 × 2 = 1 + 0.066 578 273 114 054 551 944 502 016 521 597 795 203 812 830 762 707 952 026 360 348 673 214 972 382 252 487 840 573 943 893 646 365 182 840 048 255 193 030 066 176;
  • 27) 0.066 578 273 114 054 551 944 502 016 521 597 795 203 812 830 762 707 952 026 360 348 673 214 972 382 252 487 840 573 943 893 646 365 182 840 048 255 193 030 066 176 × 2 = 0 + 0.133 156 546 228 109 103 889 004 033 043 195 590 407 625 661 525 415 904 052 720 697 346 429 944 764 504 975 681 147 887 787 292 730 365 680 096 510 386 060 132 352;
  • 28) 0.133 156 546 228 109 103 889 004 033 043 195 590 407 625 661 525 415 904 052 720 697 346 429 944 764 504 975 681 147 887 787 292 730 365 680 096 510 386 060 132 352 × 2 = 0 + 0.266 313 092 456 218 207 778 008 066 086 391 180 815 251 323 050 831 808 105 441 394 692 859 889 529 009 951 362 295 775 574 585 460 731 360 193 020 772 120 264 704;
  • 29) 0.266 313 092 456 218 207 778 008 066 086 391 180 815 251 323 050 831 808 105 441 394 692 859 889 529 009 951 362 295 775 574 585 460 731 360 193 020 772 120 264 704 × 2 = 0 + 0.532 626 184 912 436 415 556 016 132 172 782 361 630 502 646 101 663 616 210 882 789 385 719 779 058 019 902 724 591 551 149 170 921 462 720 386 041 544 240 529 408;
  • 30) 0.532 626 184 912 436 415 556 016 132 172 782 361 630 502 646 101 663 616 210 882 789 385 719 779 058 019 902 724 591 551 149 170 921 462 720 386 041 544 240 529 408 × 2 = 1 + 0.065 252 369 824 872 831 112 032 264 345 564 723 261 005 292 203 327 232 421 765 578 771 439 558 116 039 805 449 183 102 298 341 842 925 440 772 083 088 481 058 816;
  • 31) 0.065 252 369 824 872 831 112 032 264 345 564 723 261 005 292 203 327 232 421 765 578 771 439 558 116 039 805 449 183 102 298 341 842 925 440 772 083 088 481 058 816 × 2 = 0 + 0.130 504 739 649 745 662 224 064 528 691 129 446 522 010 584 406 654 464 843 531 157 542 879 116 232 079 610 898 366 204 596 683 685 850 881 544 166 176 962 117 632;
  • 32) 0.130 504 739 649 745 662 224 064 528 691 129 446 522 010 584 406 654 464 843 531 157 542 879 116 232 079 610 898 366 204 596 683 685 850 881 544 166 176 962 117 632 × 2 = 0 + 0.261 009 479 299 491 324 448 129 057 382 258 893 044 021 168 813 308 929 687 062 315 085 758 232 464 159 221 796 732 409 193 367 371 701 763 088 332 353 924 235 264;
  • 33) 0.261 009 479 299 491 324 448 129 057 382 258 893 044 021 168 813 308 929 687 062 315 085 758 232 464 159 221 796 732 409 193 367 371 701 763 088 332 353 924 235 264 × 2 = 0 + 0.522 018 958 598 982 648 896 258 114 764 517 786 088 042 337 626 617 859 374 124 630 171 516 464 928 318 443 593 464 818 386 734 743 403 526 176 664 707 848 470 528;
  • 34) 0.522 018 958 598 982 648 896 258 114 764 517 786 088 042 337 626 617 859 374 124 630 171 516 464 928 318 443 593 464 818 386 734 743 403 526 176 664 707 848 470 528 × 2 = 1 + 0.044 037 917 197 965 297 792 516 229 529 035 572 176 084 675 253 235 718 748 249 260 343 032 929 856 636 887 186 929 636 773 469 486 807 052 353 329 415 696 941 056;
  • 35) 0.044 037 917 197 965 297 792 516 229 529 035 572 176 084 675 253 235 718 748 249 260 343 032 929 856 636 887 186 929 636 773 469 486 807 052 353 329 415 696 941 056 × 2 = 0 + 0.088 075 834 395 930 595 585 032 459 058 071 144 352 169 350 506 471 437 496 498 520 686 065 859 713 273 774 373 859 273 546 938 973 614 104 706 658 831 393 882 112;
  • 36) 0.088 075 834 395 930 595 585 032 459 058 071 144 352 169 350 506 471 437 496 498 520 686 065 859 713 273 774 373 859 273 546 938 973 614 104 706 658 831 393 882 112 × 2 = 0 + 0.176 151 668 791 861 191 170 064 918 116 142 288 704 338 701 012 942 874 992 997 041 372 131 719 426 547 548 747 718 547 093 877 947 228 209 413 317 662 787 764 224;
  • 37) 0.176 151 668 791 861 191 170 064 918 116 142 288 704 338 701 012 942 874 992 997 041 372 131 719 426 547 548 747 718 547 093 877 947 228 209 413 317 662 787 764 224 × 2 = 0 + 0.352 303 337 583 722 382 340 129 836 232 284 577 408 677 402 025 885 749 985 994 082 744 263 438 853 095 097 495 437 094 187 755 894 456 418 826 635 325 575 528 448;
  • 38) 0.352 303 337 583 722 382 340 129 836 232 284 577 408 677 402 025 885 749 985 994 082 744 263 438 853 095 097 495 437 094 187 755 894 456 418 826 635 325 575 528 448 × 2 = 0 + 0.704 606 675 167 444 764 680 259 672 464 569 154 817 354 804 051 771 499 971 988 165 488 526 877 706 190 194 990 874 188 375 511 788 912 837 653 270 651 151 056 896;
  • 39) 0.704 606 675 167 444 764 680 259 672 464 569 154 817 354 804 051 771 499 971 988 165 488 526 877 706 190 194 990 874 188 375 511 788 912 837 653 270 651 151 056 896 × 2 = 1 + 0.409 213 350 334 889 529 360 519 344 929 138 309 634 709 608 103 542 999 943 976 330 977 053 755 412 380 389 981 748 376 751 023 577 825 675 306 541 302 302 113 792;
  • 40) 0.409 213 350 334 889 529 360 519 344 929 138 309 634 709 608 103 542 999 943 976 330 977 053 755 412 380 389 981 748 376 751 023 577 825 675 306 541 302 302 113 792 × 2 = 0 + 0.818 426 700 669 779 058 721 038 689 858 276 619 269 419 216 207 085 999 887 952 661 954 107 510 824 760 779 963 496 753 502 047 155 651 350 613 082 604 604 227 584;
  • 41) 0.818 426 700 669 779 058 721 038 689 858 276 619 269 419 216 207 085 999 887 952 661 954 107 510 824 760 779 963 496 753 502 047 155 651 350 613 082 604 604 227 584 × 2 = 1 + 0.636 853 401 339 558 117 442 077 379 716 553 238 538 838 432 414 171 999 775 905 323 908 215 021 649 521 559 926 993 507 004 094 311 302 701 226 165 209 208 455 168;
  • 42) 0.636 853 401 339 558 117 442 077 379 716 553 238 538 838 432 414 171 999 775 905 323 908 215 021 649 521 559 926 993 507 004 094 311 302 701 226 165 209 208 455 168 × 2 = 1 + 0.273 706 802 679 116 234 884 154 759 433 106 477 077 676 864 828 343 999 551 810 647 816 430 043 299 043 119 853 987 014 008 188 622 605 402 452 330 418 416 910 336;
  • 43) 0.273 706 802 679 116 234 884 154 759 433 106 477 077 676 864 828 343 999 551 810 647 816 430 043 299 043 119 853 987 014 008 188 622 605 402 452 330 418 416 910 336 × 2 = 0 + 0.547 413 605 358 232 469 768 309 518 866 212 954 155 353 729 656 687 999 103 621 295 632 860 086 598 086 239 707 974 028 016 377 245 210 804 904 660 836 833 820 672;
  • 44) 0.547 413 605 358 232 469 768 309 518 866 212 954 155 353 729 656 687 999 103 621 295 632 860 086 598 086 239 707 974 028 016 377 245 210 804 904 660 836 833 820 672 × 2 = 1 + 0.094 827 210 716 464 939 536 619 037 732 425 908 310 707 459 313 375 998 207 242 591 265 720 173 196 172 479 415 948 056 032 754 490 421 609 809 321 673 667 641 344;
  • 45) 0.094 827 210 716 464 939 536 619 037 732 425 908 310 707 459 313 375 998 207 242 591 265 720 173 196 172 479 415 948 056 032 754 490 421 609 809 321 673 667 641 344 × 2 = 0 + 0.189 654 421 432 929 879 073 238 075 464 851 816 621 414 918 626 751 996 414 485 182 531 440 346 392 344 958 831 896 112 065 508 980 843 219 618 643 347 335 282 688;
  • 46) 0.189 654 421 432 929 879 073 238 075 464 851 816 621 414 918 626 751 996 414 485 182 531 440 346 392 344 958 831 896 112 065 508 980 843 219 618 643 347 335 282 688 × 2 = 0 + 0.379 308 842 865 859 758 146 476 150 929 703 633 242 829 837 253 503 992 828 970 365 062 880 692 784 689 917 663 792 224 131 017 961 686 439 237 286 694 670 565 376;
  • 47) 0.379 308 842 865 859 758 146 476 150 929 703 633 242 829 837 253 503 992 828 970 365 062 880 692 784 689 917 663 792 224 131 017 961 686 439 237 286 694 670 565 376 × 2 = 0 + 0.758 617 685 731 719 516 292 952 301 859 407 266 485 659 674 507 007 985 657 940 730 125 761 385 569 379 835 327 584 448 262 035 923 372 878 474 573 389 341 130 752;
  • 48) 0.758 617 685 731 719 516 292 952 301 859 407 266 485 659 674 507 007 985 657 940 730 125 761 385 569 379 835 327 584 448 262 035 923 372 878 474 573 389 341 130 752 × 2 = 1 + 0.517 235 371 463 439 032 585 904 603 718 814 532 971 319 349 014 015 971 315 881 460 251 522 771 138 759 670 655 168 896 524 071 846 745 756 949 146 778 682 261 504;
  • 49) 0.517 235 371 463 439 032 585 904 603 718 814 532 971 319 349 014 015 971 315 881 460 251 522 771 138 759 670 655 168 896 524 071 846 745 756 949 146 778 682 261 504 × 2 = 1 + 0.034 470 742 926 878 065 171 809 207 437 629 065 942 638 698 028 031 942 631 762 920 503 045 542 277 519 341 310 337 793 048 143 693 491 513 898 293 557 364 523 008;
  • 50) 0.034 470 742 926 878 065 171 809 207 437 629 065 942 638 698 028 031 942 631 762 920 503 045 542 277 519 341 310 337 793 048 143 693 491 513 898 293 557 364 523 008 × 2 = 0 + 0.068 941 485 853 756 130 343 618 414 875 258 131 885 277 396 056 063 885 263 525 841 006 091 084 555 038 682 620 675 586 096 287 386 983 027 796 587 114 729 046 016;
  • 51) 0.068 941 485 853 756 130 343 618 414 875 258 131 885 277 396 056 063 885 263 525 841 006 091 084 555 038 682 620 675 586 096 287 386 983 027 796 587 114 729 046 016 × 2 = 0 + 0.137 882 971 707 512 260 687 236 829 750 516 263 770 554 792 112 127 770 527 051 682 012 182 169 110 077 365 241 351 172 192 574 773 966 055 593 174 229 458 092 032;
  • 52) 0.137 882 971 707 512 260 687 236 829 750 516 263 770 554 792 112 127 770 527 051 682 012 182 169 110 077 365 241 351 172 192 574 773 966 055 593 174 229 458 092 032 × 2 = 0 + 0.275 765 943 415 024 521 374 473 659 501 032 527 541 109 584 224 255 541 054 103 364 024 364 338 220 154 730 482 702 344 385 149 547 932 111 186 348 458 916 184 064;
  • 53) 0.275 765 943 415 024 521 374 473 659 501 032 527 541 109 584 224 255 541 054 103 364 024 364 338 220 154 730 482 702 344 385 149 547 932 111 186 348 458 916 184 064 × 2 = 0 + 0.551 531 886 830 049 042 748 947 319 002 065 055 082 219 168 448 511 082 108 206 728 048 728 676 440 309 460 965 404 688 770 299 095 864 222 372 696 917 832 368 128;

We didn't get any fractional part that was equal to zero. But we had enough iterations (over Mantissa limit) and at least one integer that was different from zero => FULL STOP (losing precision...)


4. Construct the base 2 representation of the fractional part of the number.

Take all the integer parts of the multiplying operations, starting from the top of the constructed list above:


0.570 796 326 794 896 619 231 321 691 639 751 442 098 584 699 687 552 910 487 472 296 153 908 203 143 104 499 314 017 412 671 058 533 991 074 043 256 641 153 323 546 5(10) =


0.1001 0010 0001 1111 1011 0101 0100 0100 0100 0010 1101 0001 1000 0(2)


5. Positive number before normalization:

1.570 796 326 794 896 619 231 321 691 639 751 442 098 584 699 687 552 910 487 472 296 153 908 203 143 104 499 314 017 412 671 058 533 991 074 043 256 641 153 323 546 5(10) =


1.1001 0010 0001 1111 1011 0101 0100 0100 0100 0010 1101 0001 1000 0(2)

6. Normalize the binary representation of the number.

Shift the decimal mark 0 positions to the left, so that only one non zero digit remains to the left of it:


1.570 796 326 794 896 619 231 321 691 639 751 442 098 584 699 687 552 910 487 472 296 153 908 203 143 104 499 314 017 412 671 058 533 991 074 043 256 641 153 323 546 5(10) =


1.1001 0010 0001 1111 1011 0101 0100 0100 0100 0010 1101 0001 1000 0(2) =


1.1001 0010 0001 1111 1011 0101 0100 0100 0100 0010 1101 0001 1000 0(2) × 20


7. Up to this moment, there are the following elements that would feed into the 64 bit double precision IEEE 754 binary floating point representation:

Sign 0 (a positive number)


Exponent (unadjusted): 0


Mantissa (not normalized):
1.1001 0010 0001 1111 1011 0101 0100 0100 0100 0010 1101 0001 1000 0


8. Adjust the exponent.

Use the 11 bit excess/bias notation:


Exponent (adjusted) =


Exponent (unadjusted) + 2(11-1) - 1 =


0 + 2(11-1) - 1 =


(0 + 1 023)(10) =


1 023(10)


9. Convert the adjusted exponent from the decimal (base 10) to 11 bit binary.

Use the same technique of repeatedly dividing by 2:


  • division = quotient + remainder;
  • 1 023 ÷ 2 = 511 + 1;
  • 511 ÷ 2 = 255 + 1;
  • 255 ÷ 2 = 127 + 1;
  • 127 ÷ 2 = 63 + 1;
  • 63 ÷ 2 = 31 + 1;
  • 31 ÷ 2 = 15 + 1;
  • 15 ÷ 2 = 7 + 1;
  • 7 ÷ 2 = 3 + 1;
  • 3 ÷ 2 = 1 + 1;
  • 1 ÷ 2 = 0 + 1;

10. Construct the base 2 representation of the adjusted exponent.

Take all the remainders starting from the bottom of the list constructed above.


Exponent (adjusted) =


1023(10) =


011 1111 1111(2)


11. Normalize the mantissa.

a) Remove the leading (the leftmost) bit, since it's allways 1, and the decimal point, if the case.


b) Adjust its length to 52 bits, by removing the excess bits, from the right (if any of the excess bits is set on 1, we are losing precision...).


Mantissa (normalized) =


1. 1001 0010 0001 1111 1011 0101 0100 0100 0100 0010 1101 0001 1000 0 =


1001 0010 0001 1111 1011 0101 0100 0100 0100 0010 1101 0001 1000


12. The three elements that make up the number's 64 bit double precision IEEE 754 binary floating point representation:

Sign (1 bit) =
0 (a positive number)


Exponent (11 bits) =
011 1111 1111


Mantissa (52 bits) =
1001 0010 0001 1111 1011 0101 0100 0100 0100 0010 1101 0001 1000


The base ten decimal number 1.570 796 326 794 896 619 231 321 691 639 751 442 098 584 699 687 552 910 487 472 296 153 908 203 143 104 499 314 017 412 671 058 533 991 074 043 256 641 153 323 546 5 converted and written in 64 bit double precision IEEE 754 binary floating point representation:
0 - 011 1111 1111 - 1001 0010 0001 1111 1011 0101 0100 0100 0100 0010 1101 0001 1000

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All base ten decimal numbers converted to 64 bit double precision IEEE 754 binary floating point

How to convert numbers from the decimal system (base ten) to 64 bit double precision IEEE 754 binary floating point standard

Follow the steps below to convert a base 10 decimal number to 64 bit double precision IEEE 754 binary floating point:

  • 1. If the number to be converted is negative, start with its the positive version.
  • 2. First convert the integer part. Divide repeatedly by 2 the positive representation of the integer number that is to be converted to binary, until we get a quotient that is equal to zero, keeping track of each remainder.
  • 3. Construct the base 2 representation of the positive integer part of the number, by taking all the remainders from the previous operations, starting from the bottom of the list constructed above. Thus, the last remainder of the divisions becomes the first symbol (the leftmost) of the base two number, while the first remainder becomes the last symbol (the rightmost).
  • 4. Then convert the fractional part. Multiply the number repeatedly by 2, until we get a fractional part that is equal to zero, keeping track of each integer part of the results.
  • 5. Construct the base 2 representation of the fractional part of the number, by taking all the integer parts of the multiplying operations, starting from the top of the list constructed above (they should appear in the binary representation, from left to right, in the order they have been calculated).
  • 6. Normalize the binary representation of the number, shifting the decimal mark (the decimal point) "n" positions either to the left, or to the right, so that only one non zero digit remains to the left of the decimal mark.
  • 7. Adjust the exponent in 11 bit excess/bias notation and then convert it from decimal (base 10) to 11 bit binary, by using the same technique of repeatedly dividing by 2, as shown above:
    Exponent (adjusted) = Exponent (unadjusted) + 2(11-1) - 1
  • 8. Normalize mantissa, remove the leading (leftmost) bit, since it's allways '1' (and the decimal mark, if the case) and adjust its length to 52 bits, either by removing the excess bits from the right (losing precision...) or by adding extra bits set on '0' to the right.
  • 9. Sign (it takes 1 bit) is either 1 for a negative or 0 for a positive number.

Example: convert the negative number -31.640 215 from the decimal system (base ten) to 64 bit double precision IEEE 754 binary floating point:

  • 1. Start with the positive version of the number:

    |-31.640 215| = 31.640 215

  • 2. First convert the integer part, 31. Divide it repeatedly by 2, keeping track of each remainder, until we get a quotient that is equal to zero:
    • division = quotient + remainder;
    • 31 ÷ 2 = 15 + 1;
    • 15 ÷ 2 = 7 + 1;
    • 7 ÷ 2 = 3 + 1;
    • 3 ÷ 2 = 1 + 1;
    • 1 ÷ 2 = 0 + 1;
    • We have encountered a quotient that is ZERO => FULL STOP
  • 3. Construct the base 2 representation of the integer part of the number by taking all the remainders of the previous dividing operations, starting from the bottom of the list constructed above:

    31(10) = 1 1111(2)

  • 4. Then, convert the fractional part, 0.640 215. Multiply repeatedly by 2, keeping track of each integer part of the results, until we get a fractional part that is equal to zero:
    • #) multiplying = integer + fractional part;
    • 1) 0.640 215 × 2 = 1 + 0.280 43;
    • 2) 0.280 43 × 2 = 0 + 0.560 86;
    • 3) 0.560 86 × 2 = 1 + 0.121 72;
    • 4) 0.121 72 × 2 = 0 + 0.243 44;
    • 5) 0.243 44 × 2 = 0 + 0.486 88;
    • 6) 0.486 88 × 2 = 0 + 0.973 76;
    • 7) 0.973 76 × 2 = 1 + 0.947 52;
    • 8) 0.947 52 × 2 = 1 + 0.895 04;
    • 9) 0.895 04 × 2 = 1 + 0.790 08;
    • 10) 0.790 08 × 2 = 1 + 0.580 16;
    • 11) 0.580 16 × 2 = 1 + 0.160 32;
    • 12) 0.160 32 × 2 = 0 + 0.320 64;
    • 13) 0.320 64 × 2 = 0 + 0.641 28;
    • 14) 0.641 28 × 2 = 1 + 0.282 56;
    • 15) 0.282 56 × 2 = 0 + 0.565 12;
    • 16) 0.565 12 × 2 = 1 + 0.130 24;
    • 17) 0.130 24 × 2 = 0 + 0.260 48;
    • 18) 0.260 48 × 2 = 0 + 0.520 96;
    • 19) 0.520 96 × 2 = 1 + 0.041 92;
    • 20) 0.041 92 × 2 = 0 + 0.083 84;
    • 21) 0.083 84 × 2 = 0 + 0.167 68;
    • 22) 0.167 68 × 2 = 0 + 0.335 36;
    • 23) 0.335 36 × 2 = 0 + 0.670 72;
    • 24) 0.670 72 × 2 = 1 + 0.341 44;
    • 25) 0.341 44 × 2 = 0 + 0.682 88;
    • 26) 0.682 88 × 2 = 1 + 0.365 76;
    • 27) 0.365 76 × 2 = 0 + 0.731 52;
    • 28) 0.731 52 × 2 = 1 + 0.463 04;
    • 29) 0.463 04 × 2 = 0 + 0.926 08;
    • 30) 0.926 08 × 2 = 1 + 0.852 16;
    • 31) 0.852 16 × 2 = 1 + 0.704 32;
    • 32) 0.704 32 × 2 = 1 + 0.408 64;
    • 33) 0.408 64 × 2 = 0 + 0.817 28;
    • 34) 0.817 28 × 2 = 1 + 0.634 56;
    • 35) 0.634 56 × 2 = 1 + 0.269 12;
    • 36) 0.269 12 × 2 = 0 + 0.538 24;
    • 37) 0.538 24 × 2 = 1 + 0.076 48;
    • 38) 0.076 48 × 2 = 0 + 0.152 96;
    • 39) 0.152 96 × 2 = 0 + 0.305 92;
    • 40) 0.305 92 × 2 = 0 + 0.611 84;
    • 41) 0.611 84 × 2 = 1 + 0.223 68;
    • 42) 0.223 68 × 2 = 0 + 0.447 36;
    • 43) 0.447 36 × 2 = 0 + 0.894 72;
    • 44) 0.894 72 × 2 = 1 + 0.789 44;
    • 45) 0.789 44 × 2 = 1 + 0.578 88;
    • 46) 0.578 88 × 2 = 1 + 0.157 76;
    • 47) 0.157 76 × 2 = 0 + 0.315 52;
    • 48) 0.315 52 × 2 = 0 + 0.631 04;
    • 49) 0.631 04 × 2 = 1 + 0.262 08;
    • 50) 0.262 08 × 2 = 0 + 0.524 16;
    • 51) 0.524 16 × 2 = 1 + 0.048 32;
    • 52) 0.048 32 × 2 = 0 + 0.096 64;
    • 53) 0.096 64 × 2 = 0 + 0.193 28;
    • We didn't get any fractional part that was equal to zero. But we had enough iterations (over Mantissa limit = 52) and at least one integer part that was different from zero => FULL STOP (losing precision...).
  • 5. Construct the base 2 representation of the fractional part of the number, by taking all the integer parts of the previous multiplying operations, starting from the top of the constructed list above:

    0.640 215(10) = 0.1010 0011 1110 0101 0010 0001 0101 0111 0110 1000 1001 1100 1010 0(2)

  • 6. Summarizing - the positive number before normalization:

    31.640 215(10) = 1 1111.1010 0011 1110 0101 0010 0001 0101 0111 0110 1000 1001 1100 1010 0(2)

  • 7. Normalize the binary representation of the number, shifting the decimal mark 4 positions to the left so that only one non-zero digit stays to the left of the decimal mark:

    31.640 215(10) =
    1 1111.1010 0011 1110 0101 0010 0001 0101 0111 0110 1000 1001 1100 1010 0(2) =
    1 1111.1010 0011 1110 0101 0010 0001 0101 0111 0110 1000 1001 1100 1010 0(2) × 20 =
    1.1111 1010 0011 1110 0101 0010 0001 0101 0111 0110 1000 1001 1100 1010 0(2) × 24

  • 8. Up to this moment, there are the following elements that would feed into the 64 bit double precision IEEE 754 binary floating point representation:

    Sign: 1 (a negative number)

    Exponent (unadjusted): 4

    Mantissa (not-normalized): 1.1111 1010 0011 1110 0101 0010 0001 0101 0111 0110 1000 1001 1100 1010 0

  • 9. Adjust the exponent in 11 bit excess/bias notation and then convert it from decimal (base 10) to 11 bit binary (base 2), by using the same technique of repeatedly dividing it by 2, as shown above:

    Exponent (adjusted) = Exponent (unadjusted) + 2(11-1) - 1 = (4 + 1023)(10) = 1027(10) =
    100 0000 0011(2)

  • 10. Normalize mantissa, remove the leading (leftmost) bit, since it's allways '1' (and the decimal sign) and adjust its length to 52 bits, by removing the excess bits, from the right (losing precision...):

    Mantissa (not-normalized): 1.1111 1010 0011 1110 0101 0010 0001 0101 0111 0110 1000 1001 1100 1010 0

    Mantissa (normalized): 1111 1010 0011 1110 0101 0010 0001 0101 0111 0110 1000 1001 1100

  • Conclusion:

    Sign (1 bit) = 1 (a negative number)

    Exponent (8 bits) = 100 0000 0011

    Mantissa (52 bits) = 1111 1010 0011 1110 0101 0010 0001 0101 0111 0110 1000 1001 1100

  • Number -31.640 215, converted from decimal system (base 10) to 64 bit double precision IEEE 754 binary floating point =
    1 - 100 0000 0011 - 1111 1010 0011 1110 0101 0010 0001 0101 0111 0110 1000 1001 1100