32bit IEEE 754: Single Precision Floating Point Binary -> Float: 1 - 0000 0100 - 100 0110 0011 1111 1110 0111 The 32 Bit Single Precision IEEE 754 Binary Floating Point Standard Representation Number Converted and Written as a Base Ten Decimal System Number (Float)

1 - 0000 0100 - 100 0110 0011 1111 1110 0111: 32 bit single precision IEEE 754 binary floating point standard representation number converted to decimal system (base ten)

4. Convert the mantissa from binary (from base 2) to decimal (in base 10).

The mantissa represents the fractional part of the number (what comes after the whole part of the number, separated from it by a comma).

100 0110 0011 1111 1110 0111(2) =

How to convert numbers from 32 bit single precision IEEE 754 binary floating point standard to decimal system in base 10

Follow the steps below to convert a number from 32 bit single precision IEEE 754 binary floating point representation to base 10 decimal system:

• 1. Identify the three elements that make up the binary representation of the number:
First bit (leftmost) indicates the sign, 1 = negative, 0 = pozitive.
The next 8 bits contain the exponent.
The last 23 bits contain the mantissa.
• 2. Convert the exponent, that is allways a positive integer, from binary (base 2) to decimal (base 10).
• 3. Adjust the exponent, subtract the excess bits, 2(8 - 1) - 1 = 127, that is due to the 8 bit excess/bias notation.
• 4. Convert the mantissa, that represents the number's fractional part (the excess beyond the number's integer part, comma delimited), from binary (base 2) to decimal (base 10).
• 5. Put all the numbers into expression to calculate the single precision floating point decimal value:
(-1)Sign × (1 + Mantissa) × 2(Exponent adjusted)

Example: convert the number 1 - 1000 0001 - 100 0001 0000 0010 0000 0000 from 32 bit single precision IEEE 754 binary floating point system to base 10 decimal system (float):

• 1. Identify the elements that make up the binary representation of the number:
First bit (leftmost) indicates the sign, 1 = negative, 0 = pozitive.
The next 8 bits contain the exponent: 1000 0001
The last 23 bits contain the mantissa: 100 0001 0000 0010 0000 0000
• 2. Convert the exponent, that is allways a positive integer, from binary (base 2) to decimal (base 10):
1000 0001(2) =
1 × 27 + 0 × 26 + 0 × 25 + 0 × 24 + 0 × 23 + 0 × 22 + 0 × 21 + 1 × 20 =
128 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 1 =
128 + 1 =
129(10)
• 3. Adjust the exponent, subtract the excess bits, 2(8 - 1) - 1 = 127, that is due to the 8 bit excess/bias notation:
Exponent adjusted = 129 - 127 = 2
• 4. Convert the mantissa, that represents the number's fractional part (the excess beyond the number's integer part, comma delimited), from binary (base 2) to decimal (base 10):
100 0001 0000 0010 0000 0000(2) =
1 × 2-1 + 0 × 2-2 + 0 × 2-3 + 0 × 2-4 + 0 × 2-5 + 0 × 2-6 + 1 × 2-7 + 0 × 2-8 + 0 × 2-9 + 0 × 2-10 + 0 × 2-11 + 0 × 2-12 + 0 × 2-13 + 1 × 2-14 + 0 × 2-15 + 0 × 2-16 + 0 × 2-17 + 0 × 2-18 + 0 × 2-19 + 0 × 2-20 + 0 × 2-21 + 0 × 2-22 + 0 × 2-23 =
0.5 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0.007 812 5 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0.000 061 035 156 25 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 =
0.5 + 0.007 812 5 + 0.000 061 035 156 25 =
0.507 873 535 156 25(10)
• 5. Put all the numbers into expression to calculate the single precision floating point decimal value:
(-1)Sign × (1 + Mantissa) × 2(Exponent adjusted) =
(-1)1 × (1 + 0.507 873 535 156 25) × 22 =
-1.507 873 535 156 25 × 22 =
-6.031 494 140 625