Converter to signed binary in two's complement representation: converting decimal system (base ten) signed integer numbers

Convert signed integer numbers from the decimal system (base ten) to signed binary two's complement representation

How to convert a base ten signed integer number to signed binary in two's complement representation:

1) Divide the positive version of number repeatedly by 2, keeping track of each remainder, till we get a quotient that is zero.

2) Construct the base 2 representation by taking the previously calculated remainders starting from the last remainder up to the first one, in that order.

3) Construct the positive binary computer representation so that the first bit is zero.

4) Only if the initial number is negative, switch all the bits on 0 to 1 and all the bits on 1 to 0 (reversing the digits).

5) Only if the initial number is negative, add 1 to the number at the previous point.

Latest signed integers converted from decimal system to binary two's complement representation

-249 = 1111 1111 0000 0111 Mar 26 22:42 UTC (GMT)
-115 = 1000 1101 Mar 26 22:41 UTC (GMT)
145 = 0000 0000 1001 0001 Mar 26 22:39 UTC (GMT)
256 = 0000 0001 0000 0000 Mar 26 22:39 UTC (GMT)
21 = 0001 0101 Mar 26 22:38 UTC (GMT)
-998 = 1111 1100 0001 1010 Mar 26 22:37 UTC (GMT)
-67 = 1011 1101 Mar 26 22:36 UTC (GMT)
666 = 0000 0010 1001 1010 Mar 26 22:36 UTC (GMT)
740 = 0000 0010 1110 0100 Mar 26 22:35 UTC (GMT)
250 = 0000 0000 1111 1010 Mar 26 22:34 UTC (GMT)
-108 = 1001 0100 Mar 26 22:34 UTC (GMT)
-2,000,000 = 1111 1111 1110 0001 0111 1011 1000 0000 Mar 26 22:34 UTC (GMT)
253 = 0000 0000 1111 1101 Mar 26 22:33 UTC (GMT)
All decimal integer numbers converted to signed binary two's complement representation

How to convert signed integers from decimal system to signed binary in two's complement representation

Follow the steps below to convert a signed base 10 integer number to signed binary in two's complement representation:

  • 1. If the number to be converted is negative, start with the positive version of the number.
  • 2. Divide repeatedly by 2 the positive representation of the integer number, keeping track of each remainder, until we get a quotient that is zero.
  • 3. Construct the base 2 representation of the positive number, by taking all the remainders starting from the bottom of the list constructed above. Thus, the last remainder of the divisions becomes the first symbol (the leftmost) of the base two number, while the first remainder becomes the last symbol (the rightmost).
  • 4. Binary numbers represented in computer language must have 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, ... bit length (a power of 2) - if needed, add extra bits on 0 in front (to the left) of the base 2 number above, up to the required length, so that the first bit (the leftmost) will be 0, correctly representing a positive number.
  • 5. To get the negative integer number representation in signed binary one's complement, replace all 0 bits with 1s and all 1 bits with 0s (reversing the digits).
  • 6. To get the negative integer number, in signed binary two's complement representation, add 1 to the number above.

Example: convert the negative number -60 from the decimal system (base ten) to signed binary in two's complement:

  • 1. Start with the positive version of the number: |-60| = 60
  • 2. Divide repeatedly 60 by 2, keeping track of each remainder:
    • division = quotient + remainder
    • 60 ÷ 2 = 30 + 0
    • 30 ÷ 2 = 15 + 0
    • 15 ÷ 2 = 7 + 1
    • 7 ÷ 2 = 3 + 1
    • 3 ÷ 2 = 1 + 1
    • 1 ÷ 2 = 0 + 1
  • 3. Construct the base 2 representation of the positive number, by taking all the remainders starting from the bottom of the list constructed above:
    60(10) = 11 1100(2)
  • 4. Bit length of base 2 representation number is 6, so the positive binary computer representation of a signed binary will take in this particular case 8 bits (the least power of 2 larger than 6) - add extra 0 digits in front of the base 2 number, up to the required length:
    60(10) = 0011 1100(2)
  • 5. To get the negative integer number representation in signed binary one's complement, replace all the 0 bits with 1s and all 1 bits with 0s (reversing the digits):
    !(0011 1100) = 1100 0011
  • 6. To get the negative integer number, signed binary in two's complement representation, add 1 to the number above:
    -60(10) = 1100 0011 + 1 = 1100 0100
  • Number -60(10), signed integer, converted from decimal system (base 10) to signed binary two's complement representation = 1100 0100